Partner Kathryn Khamsi has authored a chapter on the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in document production, and whether that requires a new document production paradigm. The chapter appears in the latest Dossier of the ICC Institute of World Business Law, Rethinking the Paradigms of International Arbitration.

The Dossier compiles contributions from the ICC Institute Annual Conference in Paris, in November 2021, at which leading practitioners explored whether traditional approaches to the practice of international arbitration need to be rethought.

Its chapters, authored by some of the field’s most distinguished practitioners, highlight innovative case management techniques to improve longstanding norms and procedures of international arbitration and provide a more efficient and effective dispute resolution mechanism.

Kathryn’s chapter draws on her experience of using AI in arbitration proceedings.  Titled “Compliance with document production orders: Traditional Paradigm and New Questions”, it considers whether traditional approaches to compliance with document production orders should be adapted when AI-assisted review is used.

The 2021 ICC Institute was co-chaired by Professor Bernardo M. Cremades Jr. and Patricia Peterson, who also co-edited Dossier XXX. The Dossier features contributions from leading practitioners Catherine Kessedjian, David W. Rivkin, Gonzalo Stampa, Xavier Favre-Bulle, Christopher Newmark, Doug Jones, Robert Turnbull, Stephanie Cohen, Jason Chan, and Mouhamed Kebe.

To view the Dossier online, click here.


Kathryn, a partner in the Paris office of Three Crowns, acts for States and corporate clients in all types of disputes, including investment treaty and commercial.  She is also on the ICSID Panel of Arbitrators, and publishes and speaks regularly on arbitration and international law – including, most recently, on emissions trading schemes and deep seabed mining. Kathryn works in English and French, and is qualified in Paris, New York and Ontario. Clients have commended her “grasp of the technical detail, and her ability to identify and articulate game-changing arguments”, and she is recommended by ChambersWho’s Who Legal and The Legal 500.

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