Reza Mohtashami QCLeilah Bruton and Farouk El-Hosseny have co-authored the “Standards of Protection: The State’s Sovereign Right to Regulate and its Limits” chapter in the Global Arbitration Review’s The Guide to Telecoms Arbitrations.

This chapter focusses on the boundaries set by host-states’ obligations under international trade and investment agreements. The authors also explore two key areas of disputes in the telecommunications sector: disputes that either directly or indirectly relate to host-states seeking to exert control over spectrum and the telecommunications sector on public interest grounds; and disputes arising out of restrictive host-state measures on defence and national security grounds.

To read the chapter, please click here.


Reza is a partner in the London office. He has represented clients as counsel and advocate in more than 90 arbitrations conducted under a variety of arbitration rules in many different jurisdictions. Reza has particular expertise in disputes arising in the Middle East with a focus on the telecoms, energy, and infrastructure sectors.  Reza is a trustee of the Bahrain Chamber of Dispute Resolution.  He is a past president of the LCIA Arab Users’ Council and trustee of the DIFC-LCIA Arbitration Centre.


Leilah is a partner in our London office. She has extensive experience representing corporations on the resolution of complex disputes involving investment treaties and contractual relationships, with a particular focus on disputes in the oil & gas, mining, and telecoms sectors.

Leilah has been named a Who’s Who Legal: Future Leader for 2018-2022, in which peers and clients described her as “one of the most efficient practitioners” and as having “outstanding leadership skills”. Leilah has also been recognised as a Rising Star for both international arbitration and public international law in The Legal 500 UK 2022, and a Rising Star in The Legal 500’s International Arbitration Powerlist 2019 for the UK.


Farouk, a senior associate in our London office, advises clients on arbitrations governed by the ICC, ICSID, LCIA, and UNCITRAL rules, with a focus on complex commercial and investor-State disputes in the oil and gas and telecommunications sectors. He is often called upon by clients to provide strategic advice in respect to disputes raising matters of force majeure, taxation, international sanctions, and claims by competing governments.

In addition, Farouk has acted as an arbitrator under the ICC rules. He is a member of the ICC Bulletin Editorial Board. Farouk is also actively involved in the Firm’s pro bono practice, having assisted REDRESS in a landmark case before the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR). Farouk is recognised by Who’s Who Legal as an Arbitration Future Leader (2022).

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