Zach Mollengarden has been awarded the 2022 Francis Deák Prize by the American Society of International Law (ASIL) for his article, “The Monetary Gold Principle: Back to Basics” 115 AJIL 41 (2021), which he co-authored with Noam Zamir, an Associate Professor of Law at Lyon Catholic University.

The Francis Deák Prize has been awarded annually since 1973 to younger authors for meritorious scholarship published in the American Journal of International Law (AJIL).

The article looked at a recent case in which the International Court of Justice was expected to apply the Monetary Gold principle—Palestine’s 2018 application challenging the United States’ relocation of its embassy to Jerusalem—as an opportunity to rethink the Court’s approach to non-consenting third parties. The piece argued that the Monetary Gold principle conflicts with the Court’s obligation to decide cases submitted by consenting parties and should be abandoned.


Zach is an associate in the Singapore office. His experience includes advising clients in investment treaty and commercial arbitrations relating to financial services, sovereign debt, M&A, technology, and construction disputes. Zach has acted in arbitrations under the ICC, AAA, ICDR, UNCITRAL, and ICSID Rules.

Zach holds a J.D. from Yale Law School, where he served as an articles editor for the Yale Law Journal and submissions editor for the Yale Journal of International Law.

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