Penny, counsel in our London office, has expertise in international commercial and investment treaty arbitration, public international law, and international human rights law. Her primary focus has been on energy-related disputes, including disputes relating to long-term oil and gas agreements (including environmental, abandonment and decommissioning, and cost recovery issues), renewable energy, gas pricing, licensing, and intellectual property.

Prior to joining Three Crowns, Penny was a senior associate in an international arbitration practice of a leading international law firm in London.

Penny also has a background in academia and co-authored the leading text on the appointment of international judges entitled Selecting International Judges: Principle, Process, and Politics (Oxford University Press, 2010), which examined the process for appointing judges to the International Court of Justice, International Criminal Court, and other international courts and tribunals. She also conducted the 2010 International Arbitration Survey at the School of International Arbitration of Queen Mary, University of London, which focused on the choice of governing law, seat, and arbitration rules, and involved interviews with some of the leading users of arbitration worldwide.

Penny was named a “Rising Star” in International Arbitration in the 2021 Legal 500 UK, after being recognised as “Highly Regarded” in the previous year’s guide. She was educated at Monash University and the University of Glasgow. Penny is qualified in England and Wales and in Victoria, Australia.