Liz Snodgrass and Kathryn Khamsi recently spoke at the Investing in African Mining Indaba General Counsel Forum 2024, hosted by Africa Legal. Three Crowns is proud to have sponsored this year’s GC Forum, which centered on the theme, “Disruptor or Disrupted?”.

Delivering the keynote address, Liz empowered in-house lawyers to act as positive disruptors in their organizations, rather than obstacles to business objectives. She outlined methods for GCs to elevate their contributions, from deepening business insight to proactive problem-solving.

To read more about her keynote with Africa Legal’s article “Embracing the power of positive disruption”, click here.

Kathryn moderated a session on the topic, “Taking a step back – Current realities and opportunities in natural resources disputes”, which offered perspectives on the diversity of dispute resolution mechanisms and strategies to minimise litigation risks. The panel benefitted from the insights of Hermien Uys of Vedanta Resources, Michael Schottler of Anglo American, and Daniel Driscoll of Extractives Advisory.

The Mining Indaba GC Forum brings together influential in-house legal professionals from across the African mining sector and beyond, providing a critical platform for meaningful dialogue and exchange. This year’s event explored the dynamic and evolving landscape of the mining sector and emphasised the role of the GC as a critical business driver.


Liz, a partner in the Washington, DC office, has more than two decades of experience as an advocate and adviser in international arbitration matters. She has acted in arbitrations around the world, with notable experience of disputes arising in Africa, India, and Asia. Liz has particular expertise handling disputes involving States and State entities and fiscal disputes under long-term contracts. Her practice is a mix of commercial and investment treaty arbitration, with a focus on the upstream energy, power, and mining sectors. She is recognised in ChambersThe Legal 500, and Who’s Who Legal.


Kathryn, a partner in the Paris office of Three Crowns, acts for States and corporate clients in all types of disputes, including investment treaty and commercial. She is also on the ICSID Panel of Arbitrators, and publishes and speaks regularly on arbitration and international law – including, most recently, on emissions trading schemes and deep seabed mining. Kathryn works in English and French, and is qualified in Paris, New York and Ontario. Clients have commended her “grasp of the technical detail, and her ability to identify and articulate game-changing arguments”, and she is recommended by ChambersWho’s Who Legal and The Legal 500.

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