Ahmed El Far has co-authored the “Subcontracts and Multiparty Arbitration in Construction Disputes” chapter with Stavros Brekoulakis of 3 Verulam Buildings and Queen Mary University of London in the fourth edition of Global Arbitration Review’s The Guide to Construction Arbitration.

Major construction projects typically involve several parties and interrelated contracts, including subcontracts. While the provisions of the main contract between the employer and the contractor do not usually become a part of the subcontractor’s agreement, a dispute arising out of the main contract may give rise to claims and disputes under the subcontract and vice versa.

The chapter explores the use and importance of subcontracts in construction law, as well as their relationship to main contracts. The authors also discuss the circumstances that give rise to multiparty arbitration in construction disputes. In doing so, particular attention is given to the International Federation of Consulting Engineers (FIDIC) conditions of contract and subcontract for construction.

To read the chapter, please click here.


Ahmed, an associate in our London office, has represented companies, States, and State-owned entities in investment treaty and commercial arbitrations under the Rules of the ICC, ICSID, UNCITRAL, and CRCICA, with a particular focus on arbitrations in the energy and construction sectors.

Ahmed is the Associate Editor of the International Journal of Arbitration, Mediation and Dispute Management, published by the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators. His recent publications include the monograph on Abuse of Rights in International Arbitration (Oxford University Press, 2020).

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