Joshua Coates

Joshua is based in the London office and focuses on all aspects of international arbitration. He has experience across a variety of institutional rules and industry sectors including energy, construction, aviation and transport, and life sciences and pharmaceuticals. He has also spent time on secondment with an energy supermajor’s downstream legal team.

Joshua’s recent experience includes:

  • Acting for India’s largest airline in relation to a multimillion-dollar LCIA dispute between shareholders concerning alleged breaches of a shareholders’ agreement. The dispute was seated in New Delhi and governed by Indian law
  • Representing an energy supermajor in an LCIA arbitration arising from US$1.2 billion sale of upstream assets in Northern Europe
  • Acting for an energy supermajor in LCIA arbitration proceedings arising out of the sale of upstream assets in Africa
  • Acting for Middle Eastern and European satellite operators in an ICC arbitration with a telecommunications provider concerning a transponder rights agreement
  • Representing a major pharmaceutical company in an LCIA dispute relating to the interruption of supply of active pharmaceutical ingredients arising as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic
  • Acting for an award creditor in setting aside proceedings under section 67 of the Arbitration Act 1996

Joshua has been listed as a “key lawyer” by The Legal 500 for international arbitration.

Joshua has an LLB from the University of Bristol, including a year studying abroad at the University of Helsinki where Joshua won written advocacy awards as part of the Helsinki University Willem C. Vis Moot team.

Annette Scholten

Annette is an associate based in the London office. She has experience in international commercial and investment arbitrations under several institutional rules and across a range of sectors, including oil and gas, mining, banking, and agriculture. Annette has particular experience in advising sovereign States and State-owned entities. She has also represented States and private corporations in setting aside and enforcement proceedings. Prior to working in international arbitration, she advised companies in private M&A transactions.

Annette’s experience includes:

  • Counsel for a State-owned gas company in enforcement proceedings arising out of commercial arbitrations regarding gas transit and gas supply contracts
  • Counsel for a State-owned agricultural supply chain company in a commercial arbitration arising out of a post-M&A contractual dispute
  • Counsel for a sovereign State in a setting aside claim following an investor-State arbitration regarding a mining exploration project
  • Counsel for the former shareholders of a Dutch offshore engineering company against a US energy company regarding various warranty claims concerning offshore drilling rigs
  • Counsel for a State-owned bank in a setting aside claim following an investor-State arbitration regarding the expropriation of the bank

Annette holds an LL.M. in International Business Regulation, Litigation and Arbitration from New York University, where she was a Fulbright scholar and Convocation Student Speaker of the LL.M. class. She also holds an LL.M. in European Law from Leiden University (cum laude), where she was awarded several academic awards for her thesis. Annette holds a Diploma in Legal Studies from the University of Oxford (distinction) and an LL.B. from Leiden University (cum laude). Annette speaks English and Dutch and has a working knowledge of French and Italian. She is admitted to the bar in the Netherlands.

Srinath Reddy Kethireddy

Srinath Reddy is an associate in our London office. He has experience with commercial, investment treaty, and inter-State arbitrations, as well as arbitration-related litigation before U.S. courts, across a range of sectors including financial services, energy, mining, real estate, and infrastructure.

Srinath’s experience includes:

  • Representing a leading international financial services provider in an LCIA arbitration with its joint venture partner pertaining to the amounts owed under a joint venture agreement relating to credit card transactions
  • Representing an international energy major in an UNCITRAL arbitration against a state-owned energy company relating to the costs of decommissioning one of the world’s largest oil and gas fields
  • Representing a Middle Eastern conglomerate assessing investor-State claims arising from sale and purchase agreements for plots of land in a neighbouring State
  • Representing a renewable energy producer and litigation funder in two contractual disputes arising from wind turbine supply agreements
  • Representing an international mining corporation in post-arbitration proceedings across multiple jurisdictions to enforce a US$2 billion LCIA award

Before joining Three Crowns, Srinath was an Assistant Legal Counsel at the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague, where he assisted arbitral tribunals in investor State disputes, contract-based arbitrations, and an Annex VII arbitration under the United Nations Convention for the Law of the Sea. He was also an economic consultant assisting quantum experts on a range of econometric and damages analyses.

Srinath’s writing on international law has been published in the Yale Journal of International Law, the Cornell Law Review, the Harvard National Security Journal, and Just Security. He was also the U.S. National Champion, international semi-finalist, and one of the top 10 oralists worldwide in successive years of the Philip C. Jessup International Law Moot.

Srinath holds degrees in Mathematics, Economics, and Government from Cornell University and a J.D. from Yale Law School, where he was awarded the Jerome Sayles Hess Prize for the top graduating student in International Law.

Macarena Bahamonde Villafuerte

Macarena is an international associate in the London office. She specialises in commercial and investment arbitration under a variety of arbitration rules in a range of sectors including energy and natural resources, pharmaceuticals, and construction.

Macarena’s recent experience includes:

  • Representing Ecuador in an investment arbitration under UNCITRAL rules against two oil companies under the BIT between the United States and Ecuador, derived from a claim for denial of justice
  • Representing Ecuador in an arbitration under UNCITRAL rules against a pharmaceutical company under the BIT between the United States and Ecuador, derived from a claim for denial of justice
  • Representing Ecuador in a dispute against a Peruvian national regarding claims for non-observance of the BIT between Ecuador and Peru
  • Representing Ecuador in a dispute against a Chinese company under the Ecuador-China BIT
  • Representing Ecuador in a dispute with a Chinese company for the interpretation and application of Ecuadorian legal provisions
  • Representing Ecuador against a Spanish oil company in a dispute under the BIT between Spain and Ecuador

Prior to joining Three Crowns, Macarena was a lawyer in the International Arbitration Directorate of the Attorney General’s Office of the State of Ecuador, where she represented the Ecuadorian State in various international arbitrations and annulment and enforcement proceedings in foreign jurisdictions.

Macarena is admitted to practice in Ecuador and her results for the New York Bar are pending. She completed her Master of Laws at Harvard Law School, where she was a Fulbright Scholar and Gammon Fellow. Macarena also obtained a Master of Laws and Postgraduate Diploma in Laws from the University of London School of Law in a joint programme with University College London and Queen Mary University of London. She graduated first in her class at University of San Francisco of Quito.

Macarena is a co-founder of Ecuadorian Very Young Arbitration Practitioners (ECUVYAP) and she coaches the arbitration moot team of University of San Francisco of Quito. Macarena was elected as the Ecuadorian Arbitration Institute Young Members’ Representative and is an Arbitrator Intelligence Ambassador for Latin America. She speaks Spanish, English, and French.

Hamid Abdulkareem

Hamid, counsel in the London office, is an experienced arbitration practitioner and litigator, having regularly advised multinational companies on an extensive range of disputes, particularly within the energy and natural resources sector. He has played a lead role in multiple disputes arising from Nigeria’s deep offshore production sharing contracts, resulting in successful outcomes for his clients.

Hamid’s experience includes:

  • Representing three ENI subsidiaries in an ICSID arbitration against the Federal Republic of Nigeria arising out the State’s refusal to grant an oil mining license to allow production to proceed in Nigeria’s deep offshore. The case involves allegations of corruption. US$2.5 billion is at stake
  • Representing a supermajor in an ICC arbitration against a Middle Eastern State-owned entity in relation to a dispute arising out of the supermajor’s assignment of its interest in a technical services contract
  • Acting for a consortium of oil and gas companies comprising ExxonMobil, Total, Chevron, and Nexen subsidiaries in a dispute relating to recovery of operating costs totalling US$1.5 billion
  • Representing Chevron and Equinor subsidiaries in a claim for damages for the overlifting of crude oil under a production sharing contract, resulting in a US$1 billion award for the oil companies
  • Advising contract parties under five deep offshore production contracts in disputes arising from the Nigerian government’s demand for multibillion-dollar payments in respect of alleged historical unpaid revenue
  • Representing Chevron and Equinor subsidiaries in Nigerian court proceedings resulting in the landmark decision that Nigerian courts have no jurisdiction to issue anti-arbitration injunctions

Hamid is a current Co-Chair of the International Bar Association’s Insolvency and International Arbitration Working Group, the Young Africa Chair for the Institute for Transnational Arbitration, and a member of the Lagos Court of Arbitration’s Young Arbitrators Network’s Advisory Board. He previously served as Co-Chair of the International Bar Association’s Arb40 subcommittee.

Hamid has been recognised in Who’s Who Legal: Future Leaders for Arbitration and as a National Leader for arbitration in Nigeria, having been described as “an exceptional advocate” who is “sharp as a tack” and “definitely one to watch”. Hamid is also ranked in The Legal 500 for dispute resolution. He is qualified in Nigeria and was educated at the London School of Economics and Political Science and the University of Ilorin, Nigeria.

Himmy Lui

Himmy is an associate in our London office. He has experience in a range of international commercial and international investment treaty arbitrations across a number of sectors, including energy, mining, and construction.

Before joining Three Crowns, Himmy specialised in commercial dispute resolution, particularly involving matters of insurance, insolvency, and property, and made a number of appearances in the High Court. He was also previously a judge’s clerk at the High Court of Auckland, and has tutored the law of contract at the University of Auckland.

Himmy obtained his LLM from the London School of Economics and Political Science, where he graduated with Distinction. He has been a Senior Editor of the Auckland University Law Review, Notes Editor (Private Law) of the LSE Law Review, and an Editor of the Groningen Journal of International Law. He graduated from the University of Auckland in New Zealand with a BA/LLB (Hons), and is admitted as a Barrister and Solicitor of the High Court of New Zealand. He speaks English, Cantonese, Mandarin and French, and has a working knowledge of Spanish and Italian.

Alina Papanastasiou

Alina is an associate based in the London office. She has experience in public international law and international dispute resolution across a range of sectors, including banking & finance, oil & gas, energy and telecommunications. She has experience advising sovereign states, state-owned entities and private parties before the International Court of Justice and international arbitral tribunals, as well as in non-contentious matters under public international law.

Her recent experience includes:

  • Representing multiple claimants in a pair of UNCITRAL/ad hoc arbitrations against a North African State under the Agreement on Promotion, Protection and Guarantee of Investments amongst the Member States of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC Agreement) and a Bilateral Investment Treaty
  • Representing Eni in its ICSID investment treaty claim against Nigeria
  • Representing a European gambling operator in two LCIA arbitrations arising from multiple concession agreements

Alina is also involved in the firm’s pro bono practice, having recently worked with REDRESS on a project promoting balanced gender representation in UN human rights organs and mechanisms. Alina has previously worked at the Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs, advising on matters relating to international economic organisations.

Alina holds an LLM in international law with distinction from the University of Cambridge, where she was awarded the McAulay Scholarship and the Jacovides Prize for excellence in academic performance. She also holds an LLB (First Class Honours) from the University of Athens and a Minor in Finance from the American College of Greece. She has also studied international business at Harvard University, international commercial litigation and arbitration at the London School of Economics (LSE), and attended the International Academy for Arbitration Law in Paris, where she was awarded the Laureate of the Academy Prize. She speaks Greek, English, French, and has a working knowledge of Spanish.

Oscar Collins

Oscar is an associate in the London office. He has experience in a number of significant investment treaty and commercial arbitrations conducted under a range of institutional rules, including ICC, LCIA, and ICSID. His experience spans a broad range of industry sectors, including oil and gas, construction, transport, and financial services. Oscar has acted on matters covering diverse geographic regions, including Central Asia, Eastern Europe, and the Middle East.

His recent experience includes:

  • Acting for a European energy company in an LCIA arbitration regarding an oil and gas JVA in the Middle East
  • Acting for an Eastern European State in relation to a number of treaty claims
  • Advising a Russian transport company regarding possible claims under a JVA for the development and production of locomotives
  • Acting for a European construction company in a Belarusian-law governed ICC arbitration arising from a delayed urban development project
  • Acting for a private equity company in an LCIA arbitration relating to a post-M&A dispute
  • Acting for a telecoms company in a DIFC-LCIA arbitration relating to a post-M&A dispute

Oscar is admitted in England & Wales. He holds a first-class honours degree in English from University College London, and completed his legal studies at the College of Law, BPP, and the University of London.

Oliver Spackman

Oliver is a senior associate in the London office. He has advised clients in a range of industries, including energy, telecommunications, private equity, real estate and manufacturing, in connection with disputes in the Middle East, Africa, Asia, and Europe, under various institutional rules, including UNCITRAL, ICSID, ICC, and LCIA.

Oliver’s experience includes:

  • Representing an international consortium of energy majors in ICC arbitration proceedings against the government of a Middle Eastern country relating to operational, environmental, handover, cost recovery, and related accounting claims arising out of the expiry of a production sharing contract
  • Representing an Asian national energy company in an ICC arbitration relating to issues of force majeure under a gas transportation agreement in Indonesia
  • Representing a Middle Eastern telecoms operator in an UNCITRAL arbitration against a Middle Eastern State in a dispute involving discriminatory measures taken by the state in breach of its Investment Law
  • Advising a US-based multinational in a billion-dollar potential ICC arbitration over the exercise of inter-related put options and the termination of a long-term manufacturing joint venture
  • Advising an energy major in potential treaty and contract claims against an African government and State-owned oil company arising out of a purported unilateral and retroactive change in the profit-sharing mechanism set out in the applicable production sharing contracts
  • Representing an Indian corporation in a high-value and complex ICC arbitration arising from a real estate joint venture
  • Advising a State-owned oil company in connection with potential maritime boundary risks and investment treaty structuring options associated with proposed investments in the Caspian Sea and in Africa

Oliver is an English-qualified solicitor, and a Solicitor-Advocate (Higher Courts Civil) in England and Wales. He has taught public international law courses at Sciences Po in Paris and King’s College, University of London, and holds first class honours degrees in Philosophy from the University of Sydney and Law from Queen Mary, University of London, and a Graduate Diploma in Law and Legal Practice from BPP Law School.

Leilah Bruton

Leilah is a partner in our London office. She has extensive experience representing corporations on the resolution of complex disputes involving investment treaties and contractual relationships, with a particular focus on disputes in the oil & gas, mining, and telecoms sectors.

Leilah’s recent experience includes:

  • Representing an energy major in LCIA arbitration proceedings arising out of allegations of breach of a Farmout Agreement governed by English law
  • Representing a mining company in UNCITRAL arbitration proceedings against a Central Asian State arising out of tax assessments issued in breach of an Investment Agreement
  • Representing an energy major in UNCITRAL arbitration proceedings against a Middle Eastern State following the expiry of a production sharing contract
  • Obtaining a successful award on behalf of a consortium of energy companies that saw the dismissal of $800 million claims following the expiry of a production sharing contract
  • Representing an energy major in ICC arbitration proceedings in Paris relating to cost recovery disputes and claims of environmental damage arising out of the early relinquishment of a production sharing contract with a Middle Eastern State
  • Representing a subsidiary of Malaysia’s national oil and gas company, PETRONAS, in an ICSID arbitration against the Republic of Sudan under the Malaysia-Sudan BIT in relation to a real estate project
  • Representing a group of ExxonMobil subsidiaries in an ICSID arbitration against Venezuela, arising from Venezuela’s expropriation of ExxonMobil’s projects in the country

Leilah has been named a Who’s Who Legal: Future Leader for 2018-2022, in which peers and clients described her as “one of the most efficient practitioners” and as having “outstanding leadership skills”. Leilah has also been recognised as a Rising Star for both international arbitration and public international law in The Legal 500 UK 2022, and a Rising Star in The Legal 500’s International Arbitration Powerlist 2019 for the UK.

She was educated at the University of Cambridge, is qualified in England and Wales, and speaks English and French.

Ridhi Kabra

Ridhi is an associate in the London office. Her experience includes advising clients in investment treaty and commercial arbitrations relating to taxation, oil and gas, infrastructure, and joint venture disputes. She has acted in several arbitrations under the ICSID, ICC, LCIA and UNCITRAL Rules.

Her recent experience includes:

  • Acting for Eni in its ICSID investment treaty claim against Nigeria
  • Acting for an Asian NOC in an ICC arbitration arising from a force majeure declaration regarding a gas transportation agreement
  • Acting for an international energy company in an ad hoc UNCITRAL arbitration relating to a power purchase agreement
  • Advising an international energy company on tax stabilisation matters
  • Acting for a real estate company in an ICC arbitration relating to a joint venture dispute
  • Acting for an Asian NOC in an LCIA arbitration relating to a gas pricing dispute
  • Advising the ICC as intervener before the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom in the case of Halliburton Company v Chubb Bermuda Insurance Ltd

Ridhi holds a PhD from the University of Cambridge, and received her undergraduate degree in law from the National Academy of Legal Studies and Research (NALSAR), Hyderabad, India. Ridhi has previously taught law at the University of Bristol, and held visiting positions at King’s College London (2017) and the Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for International, European and Regulatory Procedural Law (2018).

Clara Florin

Clara is an associate in the London office. She has experience of commercial and investment-treaty arbitrations, advising private corporations, States and State-owned entities under major institutional rules. Her practice covers a wide range of sectors, including oil and gas, electrical power, real estate, and infrastructure.

Clara’s recent experience includes:

  • representing an international consortium of oil & gas companies in an ICC arbitration relating to a cost recovery dispute arising out of the expiry of a production sharing contract entered into with a Middle Eastern State
  • representing an African company in an LCIA arbitration initiated by a global ports operator arising out of the termination of a joint venture agreement
  • representing a UK energy company in an UNCITRAL arbitration brought under a power purchase agreement and relating to the cost of the environmental upgrade of a thermal power plant in Eastern Europe
  • representing a subsidiary of Malaysia’s national oil and gas company, PETRONAS, in an ICSID arbitration against the Republic of Sudan under the Malaysia-Sudan BIT in relation to a real estate project
  • representing an energy major in an UNCITRAL arbitration against a state‑owned company relating to technical and operational claims arising out of the expiry of a production sharing contract

Clara also has litigation experience before French and international courts. She was a member of Laurent Gbagbo’s defence team before the International Criminal Court.

Clara holds Master’s degrees in Business Law from Paris II Panthéon-Assas and an LL.M. from King’s College London, where she focused on international dispute resolution. She is admitted to practice in France.

Ahmed El Far

Ahmed, an associate in our London office, has represented companies, States, and State-owned entities in investment treaty and commercial arbitrations under the Rules of the ICC, ICSID, UNCITRAL, and CRCICA, with a particular focus on arbitrations in the energy and construction sectors.

Ahmed’s recent experience includes:

  • Representing an oil & gas major in an ad hoc arbitration relating to contractual claims against a South East Asian State under two concession agreements
  • Acting for a global financial institution in an LCIA arbitration arising from a Middle East joint venture dispute governed by New York law
  • Successfully representing a Ghanaian energy company in an UNCITRAL arbitration in London against the government of Ghana arising out of an emergency power purchase agreement governed by Ghanaian law
  • Representing a leading Egyptian real estate and development company in two parallel CRCICA arbitration proceedings, valued at US$1.6 billion, against a Lebanese developer arising out of a real estate development agreement governed by Egyptian law

Ahmed is the Associate Editor of the International Journal of Arbitration, Mediation and Dispute Management, published by the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators. His recent publications include the monograph on Abuse of Rights in International Arbitration (Oxford University Press, 2020).

Ahmed holds a PhD from Queen Mary University of London, an LLM from New York University, and an LLB from Cairo University. He is an Egyptian qualified lawyer and speaks English and Arabic.

Ruimin Gao

Ruimin is an associate based in our London office. She has experience advising and representing corporations, States and State-owned entities in commercial and investment treaty arbitrations under a number of major arbitration rules. Ruimin has acted in complex, high-value disputes in a broad range of sectors including energy, construction, and mining and resources.

Ruimin’s recent experience includes:

  • Representing investors against a Middle Eastern State in parallel arbitration proceedings brought under bilateral and multilateral investment treaties
  • Acting for an energy major with respect to UNCITRAL arbitration proceedings against a Middle Eastern State following the expiry of a production sharing agreement
  • Representing a UK energy company in UNCITRAL arbitration proceedings relating to the environmental upgrade of a thermal power plant in Eastern Europe
  • Working with human rights organisation REDRESS to present a complaint against Sudan before the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights

Ruimin is an Australian-qualified lawyer who has previously practised in litigation and international arbitration in the Asia Pacific region. She was also formerly a legal and international policy adviser to the Prime Minister of Australia.

Ruimin holds a Master of Laws in international law from the Australian National University, as well as a Bachelor of Laws with honours from The University of Queensland.  She speaks English and Chinese (Mandarin).

Farouk El-Hosseny

Farouk, a senior associate in our London office, advises clients on arbitrations governed by the ICC, ICSID, LCIA, and UNCITRAL rules, with a focus on complex commercial and investor-State disputes in the oil and gas and telecommunications sectors. He is often called upon by clients to provide strategic advice in respect to disputes raising matters of force majeure, taxation, international sanctions, and claims by competing governments.

Farouk’s most recent experience includes:

  • Advising a European oil and gas major regarding its rights and obligations under LNG share and purchase agreements and charterparty agreements relating to the sale and transport of LNG from a CIS state
  • Advising an oil and gas major in relation to the occurrence of a force majeure event affecting its investments in a Sub-Saharan African State, including in respect of its inability to perform its obligations under its concession agreement and environmental licences
  • Advising a European oil and gas major in relation to its investments in a Latin American State, including its rights under relevant bilateral investment treaties and concession agreements
  • Representing a leading gas company in an LCIA arbitration brought by a US energy company in relation to the termination of a sale and purchase agreement for oil and gas assets in Egypt
  • Representing a Middle Eastern government in a cost recovery ICC arbitration under a production sharing agreement against an oil and gas major in which a key area of dispute concerns allegations of breach of the host-State’s procurement and environmental legislation and regulations
  • Representing French, Lebanese, and Jordanian real estate investors in two ad hoc arbitrations commenced under the France-Libya bilateral investment treaty and OIC Agreement against the Libyan State

In addition, Farouk has acted as arbitrator under the ICC rules. He is a member of the ICC Bulletin Editorial Board. He is also actively involved in the Firm’s pro bono practice, having assisted REDRESS in a landmark case before the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR).

Farouk was recognised by Who’s Who Legal as an Arbitration Future Leader (2022) as “a brilliant lawyer who combines academic chops with common sense”.

Prior to joining Three Crowns, Farouk was an international arbitration associate in the London office of a leading global firm, working as well in Riyadh and Dubai as a member of the firm’s Corporate and M&A teams. While in London, he was part of the firm’s Global Business and Human Rights and Global Sanctions Teams. Farouk was previously a legal counsel at the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague, where he administered appointing authority requests, investor-State, and commercial arbitrations. He was also the Court’s acting representative in Mauritius, where he focused on promoting the Court’s activities and casework in Africa. In addition, Farouk has litigation experience before Quebec courts. Prior to qualifying in Quebec in 2010, Farouk trained at the legal departments of Bombardier in Montreal and Société Générale in Paris.

Farouk holds a PhD degree in public international law from Leiden University and was a visiting scholar at the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law at the University of Cambridge. He obtained a bachelor’s degree in civil law from the University of Ottawa and an LLM from the University of Montreal.

Farouk regularly publishes on commercial and international law matters. His peer-reviewed publications include Contributory Fault under International Law, ICSID Review, Oxford University Press (2020), Non-Compensatory Damages in Civil and Common Law Jurisdictions: Requirements and Underlying Principles, Global Arbitration Review Guide to Damages (2016, 2020), Civil Society in Investment Treaty Arbitration, Brill Njihoff (2018), and State-Owned Enterprises as Claimants before ICSID: Is the Broches Test on the Ebb?, BCDR International Arbitration Review, Kluwer Law International (2017).

Farouk is a native Arabic and French speaker, also speaking Spanish and Italian fluently. He is a member of the Quebec and Paris Bars.

Nathaniel Burnett

Nathaniel is an associate in the London office. He has experience acting in international commercial and investment treaty arbitrations conducted under the institutional rules of the LCIA, ICC, and ICSID, as well as in arbitration-related litigation before the English courts. He has acted primarily on behalf of clients in the construction, gambling, and oil & gas sectors.

His recent experience includes:

  • Acting for Eni in its ICSID investment treaty claim against Nigeria
  • Representing a European investment firm in an LCIA arbitration arising from a post-SPA dispute, in which the client obtained an award in its favour
  • Acting for a European gambling operator in an LCIA arbitration arising from multiple concession agreements
  • Representing an oil & gas major in an ICC arbitration relating to a production sharing contract
  • Defending the United Arab Emirates in an ICSID investment treaty claim for denial of justice and breach of the effective means standard
  • Representing a Jordanian construction company in successfully obtaining an anti-suit injunction and defending a challenge to an award brought under ss. 67 & 68

Nathaniel also maintains a pro bono practice in which he acts in human rights cases. His pro bono work has included acting for Redress in representing Ms Mariam Yahia Ibraheem and her family in their claim against Sudan before the Africa Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights.

Nathaniel read Politics, Philosophy and Economics at Warwick University.

Jeff Yiu

Jeff is an associate in the London office. He has represented governments, state-owned enterprises and multinational corporations in investment treaty and commercial arbitration under all major arbitral rules, with particular experience in the financial services, oil and gas, and consumer product sectors.

His recent experience includes:

  • Acting for a consortium of oil and gas companies in ICC arbitration proceedings in relation to cost recovery and accounting disputes arising under a long-term production sharing agreement entered into with a Middle Eastern State
  • Acting for a “supermajor” oil company in LCIA arbitration proceedings in relation to disputes concerning the assignment of concession interests under a farmout agreement
  • Acting for a global mining company in UNCITRAL arbitration proceedings in relation to tax and royalty disputes arising from an investment agreement entered into with a Central Asian State
  • Acting for a global sportswear company in HKIAC arbitration proceedings in relation to certain shareholder disputes in the Asia region
  • Advising a “supermajor” oil company on tax stabilisation matters and potential ICSID proceedings against a State

Jeff also has experience in commercial litigation, having represented clients in high value and complex disputes in the English and Hong Kong courts.

Jeff obtained his Bachelor of Laws degree from King’s College London and his Postgraduate Certificate in Laws from the University of Hong Kong.  He is qualified in England & Wales and Hong Kong.

Reza Mohtashami QC

Reza is a partner in the London office. He has represented clients as counsel and advocate in more than 90 arbitrations conducted under a variety of arbitration rules in many different jurisdictions. Reza has particular expertise in disputes arising in emerging markets with a focus on the telecoms, energy, and infrastructure sectors.

Reza’s experience includes:

  • Securing a $1.98 billion award on behalf of Crescent Petroleum and Dana Gas in an LCIA arbitration and ancillary English court proceedings brought against the Kurdistan Regional Government
  • Obtaining a successful settlement on behalf of Beijing Urban Construction in an ICSID arbitration against the Republic of Yemen following a landmark decision on jurisdiction
  • Representing a consortium of oil majors in an ICC arbitration against the government of a Middle Eastern country in relation to environmental, handover and cost recovery claims following the expiration of a long-term petroleum agreement
  • Representing an oil major in an UNCITRAL arbitration against the government of a Middle Eastern country in relation to various operational and handover claims following the expiry of a long-term petroleum agreement
  • Representing a group of investors in two parallel UNCITRAL arbitrations against the State of Libya arising under the France-Libya BIT and the Investment Agreement of the Organisation of Islamic Conference in relation to claims arising out of investments in the real estate sector
  • Representing a multinational telecoms operator in an LCIA arbitration arising under a sale and purchase agreement for the sale of its African business

Reza is a trustee of the Bahrain Chamber of Dispute Resolution, a member of the LCIA Court, and an editorial board member of Global Arbitration Review. He is a former Vice-Chair of the IBA Arbitration Committee, a past president of the LCIA Arab Users’ Council, a trustee of the DIFC-LCIA Arbitration Centre, and editorial board member of the ICC Dispute Resolution Bulletin.

Reza is a qualified English solicitor-advocate and was appointed Queen’s Counsel in recognition of his advocacy skills in 2018. He is recognised as a Global Elite Thought Leader in Arbitration by Who Who’s Legal, noting that he is “extremely highly regarded” and Chambers describes him as giving “clear and authoritative advice on matters of strategy and case development”, with a source praising him as “a fantastic lawyer” and “a market leader”. Reza is also ranked in The Legal 500. He speaks English, French, and Farsi.

Vanessa Moracchini

Vanessa is an associate in the London office. She has experience in international commercial arbitration, investment treaty disputes, public international law, and international human rights law. Vanessa has represented clients from various sectors, including the renewable energy, oil and gas, electrical power, construction, and banking industries. She has acted in arbitrations conducted under a range of rules, including the ICC, LCIA, UNCITRAL, and ICSID Rules.

Vanessa’s recent experience includes:

  • Representing an oil and gas company in an ICC arbitration against an insurer in relation to a performance guarantee
  • Representing a natural gas company in a LCIA arbitration relating to the termination of an agreement for the sale and purchase of interests in concessions
  • Representing a wind turbine engineering company in an ICC arbitration relating to a cross-licensing agreement
  • Representing a bank in an ICC arbitration arising under a business transfer agreement
  • Representing an electricity utility company in an UNCITRAL arbitration under the auspices of ICSID against a Latin American state, arising from the Government’s decision to seize and liquidate a local power company
  • Representing a consortium of oil and gas companies in a dispute against a Latin American state relating to legal and tax stabilisation clauses in an investment agreement

Vanessa has also advised clients in relation to matters before regional human rights courts. She has previously interned at the Inter-American Court of Human Rights in San José and the United Nations Office of Legal Affairs Treaty Section in New York City.

Vanessa received her bachelor’s and master’s degrees from Sciences Po in Paris, where she focused on international dispute resolution. During her studies, Vanessa undertook academic exchanges at Columbia Law School and the Law Faculty of the University of São Paulo. She is admitted to the Paris Bar and speaks English, French, Spanish, and Portuguese.

Richard Trinick

Richard, a senior associate in our London office, has acted on many large and complex arbitrations across a variety of sectors and regions, with a particular focus on energy, M&A, telecommunications, and technology disputes.

Richard’s experience includes:

  • Representing Naturgy in its billion-dollar investment treaty claim against Colombia relating to the regulatory framework for the supply of electricity
  • Advising an English pharmaceutical company on potential post-acquisition claims
  • Acting for a telecommunications company in an ICC arbitration relating to an earn-out payment following the acquisition of an African telecommunications business
  • Acting for an Asian national energy company in an LNG pricing dispute relating to a project in Australia
  • Representing an Asian national energy company in an ICC arbitration relating to issues of force majeure under a gas transportation agreement in Indonesia
  • Acting for a European bank in post-acquisition claims relating to a Spanish credit card business

Richard previously spent 12 months on secondment to the M&A team at SABMiller, then the second-largest brewing company in the world, and recently he was appointed as sole arbitrator in a financial services dispute under the ICC Rules.

Richard is an English-qualified solicitor-advocate (Higher Courts Civil) who holds a degree in Jurisprudence from Oxford University.

Maanas Jain

Maanas, an English-qualified barrister and senior associate in the London office, has advised, represented, and conducted advocacy for corporations and States in complex, high-value commercial and investment treaty arbitrations in a broad range of sectors (including energy, finance, technology, and infrastructure) under all major arbitration rules. He has extensive experience handling disputes involving States or State entities, as well as cases with an Indian connection.

His recent experience includes:

  • Successfully representing several infrastructure funds in an ICSID arbitration against Spain arising from measures adversely affecting renewable investments
  • Acting for an oil major in a SIAC arbitration (seated in Brisbane) relating to a dispute under an agreement for the sale of interests in certain upstream assets
  • Advising a global financial institution in an LCIA arbitration arising from a Middle East joint venture dispute
  • Representing a global construction group in a multimillion-dollar ICC arbitration concerning the construction of a multi-purpose complex in Eastern Europe
  • Securing a favourable settlement for an oil major in an UNCITRAL treaty arbitration against a Southeast Asian State concerning adverse tax measures
  • Successfully representing a leading Korean distributor against its upstream supplier in a multimillion-dollar ICC arbitration

Maanas also advises and represents parties in arbitration-related court matters. He appeared as counsel in the UK Supreme Court on behalf of the ICC in Halliburton v Chubb, which is the leading English authority on apparent bias in circumstances of multiple arbitral appointments in related cases.

Maanas is a current co-chair of Young ICCA (one of the world’s leading international arbitration networks for young practitioners and students) and Vice-Chair of Advocacy for the Racial Equality for Arbitration Lawyers (REAL) organisation. He regularly speaks on arbitration and his recent publications have appeared in the European International Arbitration Review and Practical Law.

Maanas was educated at Oxford University and City Law School and was awarded a number of academic scholarships during his training.

Jonathan Fernandes

Jonathan, a senior associate based in our London office, has extensive experience acting as counsel in complex, high-value international commercial and investment treaty arbitrations conducted under the leading institutional and ad hoc arbitration rules, including ICC, LCIA, UNCITRAL, ICSID, and CPR.

His experience spans a broad range of industries, including oil and gas, construction, renewable energy, telecommunications, insurance, finance, mining, and pharmaceutical.

Jonathan has published pieces on topics of international interest, such as sovereign immunity and arbitration on the African continent.

Jonathan is on secondment until Friday 15 July 2022.

Manish Aggarwal

Manish is a dual-qualified English solicitor and Indian advocate, and partner in the London office. He has extensive experience of representing clients in both commercial and investment treaty arbitrations across a broad range of sectors (including energy, infrastructure, life sciences, telecommunications, and technology) and in arbitration-related court litigation.  Manish is consistently ranked as a leading practitioner in arbitration and public international law by major directories such as Who’s Who Legal and The Legal 500, with clients describing him as “the total package”, who “possesses excellent knowledge of international arbitration”. He has also been recognised in the India Business Law Journal’s list of top international lawyers for India-related matters, in which peers describe him as a “highly skilled advocate with a staggering depth of investment law insight”.

Manish’s recent experience includes:

  • Representing ConocoPhillips in its successful ICSID arbitration against Venezuela arising from the expropriation of its oil and gas assets, securing a historic US$8 billion award
  • Representing three energy companies in an LCIA arbitration against the Kurdistan Regional Government, securing awards worth approximately US$2 billion and dismissal of counterclaims worth several billion dollars, which facilitated a favourable settlement
  • Securing an award in excess of US$150 million for a multinational commodity trading company in an UNCITRAL arbitration against the Government of Ghana arising from a power purchase agreement
  • Representing an Asian energy company in an ICC arbitration under a production sharing contract arising from claims for reimbursement of certain taxes and abandonment fund contributions in excess of $300 million
  • Representing one of the world’s largest companies in a WIPO arbitration against a leading telecoms operator concerning the use and registration of intellectual property and securing a favourable settlement
  • Acting in a multibillion-dollar ICC arbitration on behalf of a real estate development company pertaining to disputes arising from a suite of Indian law governed agreements relating to a terminated joint venture in India
  • Representing a major global investment company in an LCIA arbitration arising from post-acquisition claims for breaches of warranties and indemnities under an English law governed share purchase agreement.
  • Representing infrastructure funds in multimillion-dollar ICSID arbitrations against Spain under the Energy Charter Treaty arising from regulatory measures adversely affecting renewables

Manish is a co-chair of the LCIA’s Young International Arbitration Group, serves as a faculty member of Delos Dispute Resolution’s Remote Oral Advocacy Programme, and regularly teaches commercial and investment arbitration at law schools across the globe, including Queen Mary University’s School of International Arbitration, King’s College Dickson Poon School of Law, and European Public Law Organization’s Academy of International Economic Law and Policy.

Manish studied law and humanities at National Academy of Legal Studies and Research (NALSAR) University of Law in India (including a semester at University of New South Wales in Australia), and holds a post-graduate diploma in international arbitration (with distinction) from Queen Mary University of London.

Gaëtan Verhoosel QC

Gaëtan is a founding partner of Three Crowns. He has served as advocate and as arbitrator in a large number of both commercial and investment treaty arbitrations.

Gaëtan’s experience includes:

  • Successfully defending the Sultanate of Oman against a US$200 million claim in connection with an investment dispute relating to an oil and gas engineering and construction contract
  • Reducing a US$430 million claim against an Asian national oil company to $10 in nominal damages in an ICC arbitration arising from the client’s withdrawal from a production sharing contract in Central Asia
  • Securing a US$175 million damages award including interest for a Trafigura subsidiary in an UNCITRAL arbitration against the Government of Ghana arising from a power purchase agreement
  • Representing a European wind farm manufacturer in an ICC arbitration relating to a cross-licensing agreement for wind turbine patents
  • Securing a $150 million award for an Asian national oil company in an ICC arbitration arising from a production sharing agreement with another Asian national oil company, while defeating a $140 million counterclaim in the same proceeding
  • Representing an Asian national oil company in a US$490 million ICC arbitration arising from a gas transportation agreement
  • Representing a group of ExxonMobil subsidiaries in a US$1 billion+ investment treaty arbitration against Venezuela arising from the expropriation of ExxonMobil’s investments

Gaëtan is a past Senior Co-Chair of the Arbitration Committee of the International Bar Association – a leading standard-setter for the practice of international arbitration. He is a member of the SIAC Court of Arbitration and was appointed to the ICSID Panel of Arbitrators by the Kingdom of Belgium. He teaches at King’s College School of Law in London.

Before entering private practice, he served as a Legal Advisor at the World Trade Organization in Geneva, where he advised dispute settlement panels adjudicating disputes between sovereigns across a range of industry sectors.

Gaëtan has been ranked as a leading international arbitration practitioner in all major publications, including Chambers, The Legal 500, The Legal 500’s Arbitration Powerlist 2019, and Who’s Who Legal.  Gaëtan has been described in Chambers as having “a phenomenal reputation” and is praised for “articulating his arguments well and being good at devising the right legal strategy while also convincing the tribunal during his submissions”. Who’s Who Legal has noted that Gaëtan is recognised by his clients, peers, and opponents as “the number-one person I have ever encountered on the other side”, “impressive and thorough oral advocate”, and that “he is liked by peers for his style and presence; he definitely deserves to be on any list of the best”.

Gaëtan is admitted to practice in England & Wales, France, and Spain. He was educated at Columbia Law School, the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, and the Catholic University of Leuven.

Constantine Partasides QC

Constantine, one of the founding partners of Three Crowns, has appeared as counsel in some of the largest international arbitrations of the last two decades.

Constantine’s experience includes:

  • Securing a final award for ConocoPhillips against Venezuela for an amount close to $9 billion in an ICSID arbitration
  • Obtaining a final award, in an ad hoc arbitration, for a consortium of clients against the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation in excess of $2 billion
  • Securing an award against the Kurdistan Regional Government for $1.98 billion in an LCIA arbitration
  • Appearing for the ICC International Court of Arbitration before the UK Supreme Court in relation to the challenge of an arbitrator in the celebrated case of Halliburton v Chubb (click here to view appearance)
  • Acting for Elliott Associates against the Republic of Korea in a claim brought under the Korea US Free Trade Agreement
  • Acting for the Republic of Kenya in ICSID proceedings brought against it by World Duty Free Company Ltd claiming $500 million in respect of allegedly expropriated duty-free concessions at Kenya’s international airports

In addition to his counsel work, Constantine appears regularly as arbitrator, including in disputes that involve States and State entities. He has experience acting as Chairman or Sole Arbitrator in cases under the ICC Rules, the LCIA Rules, the SCC Rules, and the UNCITRAL Rules.

Constantine is recognised internationally in all major directories and publications at the top of the arbitration market. Over the last decade, he has been named each year in the Top 20 a “Global Elite Thought Leaders” by Who’s Who Legal, which describes him as “‘the leading arbitration lawyer in London”, “exquisite as an advocate”, and “a leader of his generation”. Chambers recognises him as one of only two “Star Individuals” in international arbitration in London, with a market source saying he is “seen as one of the go-to people in the world for a party who is involved in a large and complex arbitration”. He is also listed in the “Hall of Fame” for international arbitration in The Legal 500.

Constantine is a co-author of the fourth, fifth, and sixth editions of the leading textbook on international arbitration, Redfern and Hunter on International Arbitration. He is a Member of the ICCA Governing Board and a Director of the LCIA Board.

Constantine is a solicitor-advocate (Higher Courts Civil) and was appointed Queen’s Counsel in 2014. He was educated at King’s College, London and Cambridge University.

Carmen Martinez Lopez

Carmen, a partner in the London office, has appeared as advocate in numerous investment treaty and commercial arbitrations. She has handled arbitrations under the rules of the major arbitral institutions and ad hoc across a variety of jurisdictions, with a particular focus on Latin America and Spain. Carmen also sits as arbitrator.

Carmen’s most recent experience as counsel includes:

  • Representing Sacyr in its UNCITRAL investment arbitration against the Republic of Panama arising from the Expansion of the Panama Canal
  • Representing the Republic of Chile in its ICSID arbitration with a Colombian construction and power distribution company under the Chile-Colombia Free Trade Agreement
  • Representing a Latin-American oil & gas and petrochemical company in its UNCITRAL investment treaty dispute with Ecuador
  • Representing a major wind power supplier in an ICC arbitration arising from the termination of a cross-licensing agreement relating to wind turbine technology
  • Representing a Spanish bank in an ICC dispute against an American bank relating to post-acquisition claims under a business transfer agreement
  • Advising a pharmaceutical company in a post-M&A LCIA dispute

Carmen is recognised in all major publications, including as a “Leading Individual” in The Legal 500 Latin America, with sources describing her as  “one of the most impressive legal minds I have encountered”, a “truly gifted practitioner”, who “has worked on some of the biggest cases of all time”, delivers “in a friendly and folksy tone, a very persuasive oral argument and a devastating cross-examination”, “gets into the details while keeping a strategic mindset”, “understands problems very well in a global way”, “has a lot of availability for the client”, and “has certainly been building up a fantastic reputation” in the market for her work in both investment treaty and commercial arbitrations. She has also been described as a “brilliant arbitrator”.

Carmen is dual-qualified in civil law and common law, and regularly handles contentious work in English, Spanish, and French. She is admitted to the New York and Madrid Bars, and is a Solicitor of the Senior Courts of England & Wales. Carmen holds law degrees from Columbia Law School, the College of Europe and the University of Murcia (Premio Nacional Fin de Carrera and Premio Extraordinario Fin de Carrera).

Carmen serves in a variety of leadership positions, including as the President of the British Chapter of the Spanish Arbitration Club (Club Español del Arbitraje), a member of the Arbitrator Appointment Committee of the Madrid Arbitration Court, and a team leader for the IBA Task Force for the Revision of the 2010 IBA Rules on the Taking of Evidence. Carmen writes and speaks regularly on arbitration-related issues.